Laser-appropriate avian and exotic surgery procedures include:
Adrenal gland removal, Amputation, Anal sac removal, Avian pox lesion removal, Bumblefoot, Canthoplasty for lid deformities, Castration, Caesarian section, Constricted toe syndrome Diptheroid membrane obstructing, Choanal opening, Eyelid polyp removal, Fibrosarcoma removal, Gonadectomy, Granulation tissue ablation, Histiocytoma of forepaw, Hysterectomy, Lipoma removal, Liver mass removal, Lymph node biopsy, Nasal polyp removal, Ovary ablation, Papilloma removal, Renal adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous adenomas, Skin incisions, Stripping of tendons, Synovial cell sarcoma removal, Traumatic wound debridement, Uterine adenocarcinoma, Vocal fold excision, Xanthoma removal.
There are many benefits of the CO2 laser in exotic animal practice.
Their use is limited only by the imagination."
Agnes E. Rupley, DVM and Terri Parrott-Nenezian, DVM
"The Use of Surgical Lasers in Exotic and Avian Practice"
Vet Clin Small Anim 32 (2002) 703-721. Elsevier Science (USA)